And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. Genesis 14:18 (KJV)
The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. Psalms 110:4 (KJV)
ומלכי-צדק מלך שלם הוציא לחם ויין והוא כהן לאל עליון: בראשית יד:18
נשבע יהוה | ולא ינחם אתה-כהן לעולם על-דברתי מלכי-צדק: תהילים קי:4
Abraham is returning from his victorious battle with the four kings, when he meets the mysterious Melchizedek, King of Salem (probably Jerusalem) and priest of the most high God. Melchizedek blesses Abraham, the “Friend of God,” first of the Patriarchs and father of the chosen people, and serves him bread and wine. Since the greater generally blesses the lesser, this Melchizedek must be greater than our Father Abraham, who tithes to him from the spoils. In Psalm 110, speaking of the Messiah, He is called “…a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.” In commenting on these passages, the writer of Hebrews describes Melchizedek as “…without father, without mother, without descent…but made like unto the Son of God…” Who could this exalted King/Priest be but the Son of God Himself? The full passages are Genesis 14:1-24, Psalm 110:1-7 and Hebrews 7:1-28.
And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom: but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. Genesis 18:22 (KJV)
ויפנו משם האנשים וילכו סדומה ואברהם עודנו עומד לפני יהוה: בראשית יח:22
Abraham has met with three “men,” one of whom is continually referred to as the LORD (“Yahveh” in Hebrew). The other two, who are referred to as angels in chapter 19, leave to judge Sodom and Gomorrah. Abraham continues to talk with the LORD, negotiating with Him over the fate of the two cities, and hearing His promise that a son will be born to Sarah. Since no man can look on God the Father and live, this visible LORD must be God the Son, the pre-incarnate Yeshua. The full passage is Genesis 18:1-33.
And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved. Genesis 32:30 (KJV)
ויקרא יעקב שם המקום פניאל כי-ראיתי אלהים פנים אל-פנים ותנצל נפשי: בראשית לב:31
Jacob has sent his family across the Jabbok ford, and has sent herds of animals ahead in order to obtain the good will of his brother Esau. Then he spends the night wrestling with a “man.” This man is often thought of as an angel, but He blesses Jacob and gives him his new name, Israel, after which the whole nation is later called. After Jacob struggles with Him all night, He confirms that Jacob has “…power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.” Jacob is astonished that he has “…seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” If he had seen God the Father face to face he would not live, so it must be God the Son. Jacob, now Israel, calls the name of the place “Peniel” which means “Face(s) of God.” The full passage is Genesis 32:1-32.
Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. Exodus 24:9-10 (KJV)
ויעל משה ואהרון נדב ואביהוא ושבעים מזקני ישראל: ויראו את אלהי ישראל ותחת רגליו כמעשה לבנת הספיר וכעצם השמים לטהר: שמות כד:9-10
And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? And the captain of the LORD’s host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so. Joshua 5:14-15 (KJV)
ויאמר | לא כי אני שר-צבא-יהוה עתה באתי ויפול יהושע אל-פניו ארצה וישתחו ויאמר לו מה אדני מדבר אל-עבדו: ויאמר שר-צבא יהוה אל-יהושע של-נעלך מעל רגלך כי המקום אשר אתה עמד עליו קדש הוא ויעש יהושע כן: יהושע ה:14-15
Just before entering his first battle in the Promised Land–the siege of mighty Jericho–Joshua is confronted by a great warrior who calls Himself “The Captain of the LORD’s Host.” He commands Joshua to remove his shoes because he is on Holy ground. Angels do not demand worship–the only other time this happened in Scripture was when Moses met God the Father at the burning bush. The LORD then gives Joshua the incredible winning strategy for the coming battle and assures him of victory (Joshua 6:2-5). Who could this victorious LORD be but God the Son, the pre-incarnate Yeshua (Jesus)? The whole passage is Joshua 5:13—6:5.
And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD is with thee, thou mighty man of valour…And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face. And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. Judges 6:12, 22-23 (KJV)
וירא אליו מלאך יהוה ויאמר אליו יהוה עמך גבור החיל: וירא גדעון כי-מלאך יהוה הוא ויאמר גדעון אהה אדני יהוה כי-על-כן ראיתי מלאך יהוה פנים אל-פנים: ויאמר לו יהוה שלום לך אל-תירא לא תמות: שופטים ו:12, 22-23
But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he was an angel of the LORD. And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. Judges 13:21-22 (KJV)
ולא-יסף עוד מלאך יהוה להראה אל-מנוח ואל-אשתו אז ידע מנוח כי-מלאך יהוה הוא: ויאמר מנוח אל-אשתו מות נמות כי אלהים ראינו: שופטים יג:21-22
He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God. Daniel 3:25 (KJV)
ענה ואמר הא-אנה חזה גברין ארבעה שרין מהלכין בגוא-נורא וחבל לא-איתי בהון ורוה די רביעיאה דמה לבר-אלהין: דניאל ג:25
King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon has just thrown Daniel’s three friends Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego in the fiery furnace for refusing to worship his golden idol. When the King realizes they are not being burned, he sees a fourth being, like the “Son of God” in the furnace with them. Who could it be but Yeshua HaMessiach (Jesus the Messiah)? The full passage is Daniel 3:1-30.
I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed. Daniel 7:13-14 (KJV)
Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. Daniel 10:5-6 (KJV)
ואשא את-עיני וארא והנה איש-אחד לבוש בדים ומתניו חגרים בכתם אופז: וגויתו כתרשיש ופניו כמראה ברק ועיניו כלפידי אש וזרעתיו ומרגלתיו כעין נחושת קלל וקול דבריו כקול המון: דניאל י:5-6
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. Zechariah 9:9 (KJV)
גילי מאד בת-ציון הריעי בת-ירושלם הנה מלכך יבוא לך צדיק ונושע הוא עני ורכב על-חמור ועל-עיר בן-אתונות: זכריה ט:9
The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him…And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. Zechariah 12:1,10 (KJV)
משא דבר-יהוה על-ישראל נאם-יהוה נטה שמים ויסד ארץ ויצר רוח-אדם בקרבו: ושפכתי על-בית דויד ועל | יושב ירושלם רוח חן ותחנונים והביטו אלי את אשר-דקרו וספדו עליו כמספד על-היחיד והמר עליו כהמר על-הבכור: זכריה יב:1, 10